Growing Your Woods

Foster Healthy Woodlands with Smart Finances

Recognizing the signs of a healthy ecosystem is critical to a forest’s success over time. Learning about your land and taking frequent walks in your woods will help to ensure your land is flourishing and the wildlife is thriving.  These visits can help you identify what management activities are needed, such as thinning weak or diseased trees, removing invasive species, improving roads, or addressing erosion concerns.

A healthy, actively managed woodland can provide financial opportunities, but implementing various forest management practices takes time and money.  Educate yourself on the technical and financial resources available to help landowners produce healthy woods.

Logging truck photo


Why would someone want to harvest their trees?

As forests age, it may be time to thin or harvest your trees to improve productivity, reduce overcrowding, for salvage following a natural disaster, or start over due to the age or condition of the existing trees.


Tree harvesting can also become a source of income and opportunity for replanting desirable trees that will grow more income or attract more wildlife. Woods that have been properly harvested have been known to grow back quicker and produce higher quality trees.

How can someone harvest their land while keeping it prosperous and sustainable?

Landowners can use safe timbering and replanting techniques. This ensures that there will be regrowth in a few years and that the right trees are being replenished.


Implement Best Management Practices (BMPs) to protect water resources during forest management. BMPs include tactics, such as leaving a buffer zone of trees next to a stream, properly sizing and installing a culvert to cross a waterway and establishing grass on forest roads to prevent erosion.  Learn more here.

How do I know how much my commercial trees are worth?

A professional consulting forester can conduct an inventory and appraisal of your trees. They can also assist with the sale of your timber.  Learn more about consulting foresters and locate one in your area.

How is forestland taxed?

Property tax policy can vary by state.  In North Carolina, forestland can be taxed on its current use, based on productivity. Learn more about the Present Use Value Program for forestland.

How can landowners get the most tax benefits from owning forest land?

Landowners can receive tax benefits if they properly maintain their land.  Visit National Timber Tax or view the 2018 Timber Tax Webinar for more information.

Where can I find financial assistance for my land?

There are a variety of programs and resources that are available to private landowners. Eligibility can sometimes depend on the land’s geography, the owner's management goals, and wildlife habitat improvement. An overview of North Carolina programs is provided in this Cost-share Fact Sheet, but please contact the individual programs to determine your eligibility.


If you are interested longleaf pine, check out Financial Assistance Opportunities for Longleaf Pine in North Carolina.