Wildlife Management

Manage Habitat to See More Native Wildlife

Every forest has its own unique wildlife, depending on the types of trees growing there. By considering wildlife in your management plan, landowners can help ensure their woods are healthy. Healthy wildlife populations are an indication of success and signifies that your woodland is improving. 

Good wildlife management and forest management go hand in hand. Plan for diverse forest habitat, establish streamside management zones, plant native soft and hard mast (wildlife food source) producing species, leave standing dead trees, and promote diverse understory plants through thinning and burning

Contact your local forester or wildlife biologist for wildlife and forest management assistance.

Wildlife Highlights


Forests support a diversity of birds due to their varied composition and structure; the majority of landbird species are associated with forested habitat at some point in their life history. From ground nesting birds like the northern bobwhite quail, migratory song birds like the prothonotary warbler, to year-round residents like the red-headed woodpecker, forest management can be highly compatible with bird habitat.

Game Species

Hunting opportunities go hand-in-hand with woodland ownership.  Learn more about managing forests for eastern fox squirrel, northern bobwhite quail, and popular game species like turkey and deer.


Wildlife depend on native vegetation for food and shelter, but our forests host unique plant species that have special forest management considerations of their own.  The Venus flytrap, for example, is a carnivorous plant found only in fire-maintained pine habitats of the Carolinas.


Pollinators such as bees, flies, and butterflies are thought to be declining, but open forests with diverse, native plants provide excellent opportunities to support pollinator conservation. Read about how woodland owners can support pollinators, including the monarch butterfly.

Reptiles and Amphibians

Reptiles and amphibians, also known as "herps," are sometimes overlooked when making forest management decisions despite a rich diversity of species calling these forests home.  Comprehensive resources are available for landowners and forestry professionals reviewing habitat and forest management recommendations for amphibians and reptiles, as well as information on individual species like the eastern chicken turtle, gopher frog, and southern hognose snake.

Rare Species

Forests provide habitat for common wildlife, but also species that are in conservation need.  Some of these species are even considered endangered of extinction like the red-cockaded woodpecker and northern long-eared bat.